Barents Environmental Hot Spots
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Murmansk Oblast

M1Pechenganickel combined smelter, Nickel, ZapolyarnyThe largest emitter of air pollutants, particularly SO2 in the Murmansk region; large volumes of waste water discharges, particularly salts.Industrial sectorNo information
M2Severonickel combined smelter, MonchegorskLarge emitter of air pollutants, particularly SO2. Industrial sectorNo information
M3JSC Apatit, KirovskSince the 1st Report, industrial M3-1 emissions increased almost twice, with corresponding increase of all major pollutants. Some increase of waste water discharge is also documented.Industrial sectorNo information
M4Heat and power plant, ApatityHPP in Apatity is the largest air polluter among HPPs in the Murmansk Oblast, which emits 18,500 tonnes of contaminants, including almost 12,000 of SO2. It is responsible for 84% of total air emissions in Apatity.Heat and power sectorNo information
M5Kovdor mining and concentration combined enterprise (Kovdor GOC)It is the second largest, after JSC “Apatit” discharger of industrial waste waters. Since the 1st Report, its discharges increased 40%, including more than doubling of sulphates discharge. Mining sectorNo information
M6Water quality in Kola river and Bolshoye Lake used for drinking water supply of Murmansk cityMore than 6% of drinking water samples in Murmansk do not meet microbiological standards, and 75% do not meet the chemical standards. Almost 50% of water used for Murmansk water supply system is extracted from Kola river. Its water quality is strongly affected by pig and poultry farms effluents located in the river watershed. Bolshoye Lake is located not far from the Murmansk waste incineration plant and is affected by its emissions.Drinking water qualityNo information
M7Drinking water supply in Zelenoborsky-1 settlementThe settlement is supplied with water from lake Bezymyannoe with poor organoleptic quality and periodic deficiency of water resources.Drinking water qualityNo information
M8Mercury-containing waste managementThe threat connected with the accumulation of luminescent lamps because of lack of proper equipment for processing. Since used mercury lamps and luminescent mercury-containing tubes, both used and faulty items, are the main contributions to the mercury-containing waste of the first hazard class and have a toxic impact on health and the environment, their accumulation is a reason to create an environmental hot-spot.Waste managementExcluded from the list
M9Scrapped ships in the Kola Fjord122 scrapped ships are located in Kola Fjord contributing to its pollution, increasing navigation risk and causing economic losses.Scrapped shipsNo information
M10Handling of oil containing wastesOil-containing wastes, particularly solid ones, is an alarming environmental issues in the Murmansk Oblast.Waste managementNo information